The most northern sub-Antarctic Islands of the TAAF
Geographic coordinates : 37° 79’ 69” S - 77° 57’ 18” E. / Time zone : UTC +05 h 00. / Highest point : 881 m (Dives mount). / Area : 66 km2. / ZEE : 502 533 km2. / Composition : Saint-Paul island and Amsterdam island. / Distances from other countries : 12 140 km from Paris, 3 375 km of Leeuwin cape (Australia), 2 780 km of Réunion island, 1 280 km of Kerguelen islands. / Main native flora : ferns, plants, herbaceous plants, grasses, mosses, lichens, phylica in Amsterdam. / Main native fauna : sea lions, subtropical rockhopper, Yellow-billed albatross. / Main invasive species : rats and rabbits (eradicated in St. Paul), mices, cats, cattle (in Amsterdam, end of slaughter in 2010), big hemlock, thistle, capucine. / Special feature : the only two subtropical islands of the Indian ocean. / Climate : It is oceanic temperate and humid, with more than 200 days of rain per year and an average temperature of 13 ° C, oscillating between 2 and 26 ° C. Of dominant westerlies, of 27 km/h on average, are registered at the level of the sea, but gusts exceeding 60 km/h winds near half the time on these islands, where there is a fairly high cloudiness in any season.
North of the roaring forties, this district of FSAT is composed of two subtropical Islands in the sub-Antarctic affinity. Closer to the warm waters of the Indian ocean as Crozet and Kerguelen, Amsterdam and Saint-Paul Islands have, compared to these two archipelagos, a climate much more gentle, free of snow or frost in the vicinity of the sea, but very windy. A depth of nearly 3,000 metres water surround these two points which have emerged of a same volcanic plateau and whose training, as Kerguelen, comes from the interaction of oceanic ridge and hot spot volcanism. In its northeastern part, this underwater plateau is extended by ten other volcanoes, submerged this time, which is the lyrical name of 'chain of the poets missing': Apollinaire, Lamartine, Chateaubriand, Sand, Voltaire, La Bruyère, Boileau, La Fontaine, Ronsard and Du Bellay. Few places in the world are as far removed from any landmass or human activity. In order to safeguard this exceptional biological heritage, the National Nature Reserve of land Southern French protects terrestrial areas of these islands and their territorial seas, which are among the richest areas of the planet.
Texts and photographs from the book "Escales au bout du monde" (whose Bruno MARIE is co-author with Stéphanie LÉGERON). See : Escales au bout du monde or order the book from your local bookseller (ISBN : 979-10-95-52310-9), on the web sites FNAC or AMAZON...
Prohibited reproduction in whole or part (text and photographies) - Texts : © Insulae éditions 2016 - Photographies : © Bruno MARIE 2016